Definitions

Sexual Violence

 Sexual violence is a broad term which includes sexual assault, sexual harassment, street harassment, relationship violence, child sexual abuse and stalking. While each of these types of violence may look different, they all involve an attack on a person's sense of self, their sexuality, their body and/or their feeling of safety. It can happen to anyone of any gender and of any sexual orientation.

Sexual Harassment

Sexual harassment is defined as "unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature" that may include "unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature." Sexual harassment also encompasses nonsexual conduct, provided the behavior is unwelcome, is based on sex or sexual stereotyping, and has the effect of interfering with a student's ability to participate in or benefit from an educational program.

Sexual Assault

A sexual act upon or directed to another which is unwanted and not consented to by the other - may include remarks about physical appearance, persistent sexual advances that are undesired by the recipient, as well as unwanted touching and unwanted oral, anal, or vaginal penetration. These behaviors could be initiated by someone known or unknown to the recipient, including someone with whom they are in a relationship.

Consent

Free and active agreement, given by both partners, to engage in a specific sexual activity

Healthy Relationships

An emotional or intimate connection between two persons, with mutual respect and love

Victim Blaming

Holding victims of a sexual crime, accident or abusive maltreatment responsible for its occurrence

Coercion

Unwanted vaginal, oral, or anal sex after being pressured in ways that included being worn down by someone who repeatedly asked for sex or showed they were unhappy; feeling pressured by being lied to, being told promises that were untrue, having someone threaten to end a relationship or spread rumors; and sexual pressure due to someone using their influence or authority (National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey - CDC)

Dating Violence/Relationship Abuse

Dating violence/relationship abuse is a pattern of coercive behaviors that serves to exercise control and power in an intimate relationship. The coercive and abusive behaviors can be physical, sexual, psychological, verbal and/or emotional. Relationship abuse can occur between current or former intimate partners who have dated, lived together, currently reside together on or off campus, or who are otherwise connected through a past or existing relationship. It can occur in opposite-sex and same-sex relationships.

 Stalking

Stalking is defined as any pattern of conduct that has the purpose or effect of producing fear and/or creating an intimidating, hostile or offensive environment.  Examples of stalking behavior include, but are not limited to: unwelcome communication that can be face-to-face, phone, text, email, voice messages, written messages, gifts, etc.; pursuing and/or following another person or group; surveillance; trespassing; gaining unauthorized access to personal, medical, financial or any other identifying piece of information without explicit permission; accessing email, phone or other forms of personal communication in order to follow or monitor another's activity.