Definitions

Sexual Violence

 Sexual violence is a broad term which includes sexual assault, sexual harassment, street harassment, relationship violence, child sexual abuse and stalking. While each of these types of violence may look different, they all involve an attack on a person's sense of self, their sexuality, their body and/or their feeling of safety. It can happen to anyone of any gender and of any sexual orientation.

Sexual Assault

A sexual act upon or directed to another which is unwanted and not consented to by the other - may include remarks about physical appearance, persistent sexual advances that are undesired by the recipient, as well as unwanted touching and unwanted oral, anal, or vaginal penetration. These behaviors could be initiated by someone known or unknown to the recipient, including someone with whom they are in a relationship.

Consent

Free and active agreement, given by both partners, to engage in a specific sexual activity

Healthy Relationships

An emotional or intimate connection between two persons, with mutual respect and love

Victim Blaming

Holding victims of a sexual crime, accident or abusive maltreatment responsible for its occurrence

Coercion

Tactic used by perpetrators to intimidate, trick, or force someone to have sex with him/her without physical force. Perpetrators use many forms of coercion, threats, and manipulation to rape including alcohol and drugs.

Dating Violence/Relationship Abuse

Dating violence/relationship abuse is a pattern of coercive behaviors that serves to exercise control and power in an intimate relationship. The coercive and abusive behaviors can be physical, sexual, psychological, verbal and/or emotional. Relationship abuse can occur between current or former intimate partners who have dated, lived together, currently reside together on or off campus, or who are otherwise connected through a past or existing relationship. It can occur in opposite-sex and same-sex relationships.

 Stalking

Stalking is defined as any pattern of conduct that has the purpose or effect of producing fear and/or creating an intimidating, hostile or offensive environment.  Examples of stalking behavior include, but are not limited to: unwelcome communication that can be face-to-face, phone, text, email, voice messages, written messages, gifts, etc.; pursuing and/or following another person or group; surveillance; trespassing; gaining unauthorized access to personal, medical, financial or any other identifying piece of information without explicit permission; accessing email, phone or other forms of personal communication in order to follow or monitor another's activity.